Magnet Plating and Coating Options

The following is a list and description of available coating options for custom magnets. Note: Magnets can only be electro-plated before magnetization. if the plating is compromised after magnetization via abrasion or deliberate machining they cannot be re-plated. Some coatings such as plastic may be done after magnetization, If the process does not exceed the magnets maximum operating temperature.
Why do magnets need to be plated?
Oxidization (rust)
NdFeB magnets will oxidize(rust) if left exposed. When a plating wears down or cracks, the exposed area will oxidize. An oxidized area will not result in complete degradation of the magnet, only the oxidized area will lose its strength. However the magnet will lose some structural integrity and become more susceptible to breakage.

Durability
Depending on shape, permanent magnet substrate is brittle. A multilayered metal plating like nickel or zinc improves the magnets resistance to chipping and wear, particularly around corners.

Harsh Environments. 
Platings vary in their tolerance of different harsh chemicals and abrasion. Salt and humidity in regions near the ocean are commonly overlooked when selecting a plating. Be sure to consider the magnets environment when selecting a plating. 

The most common type of plating for neodymium magnets Nickel (Ni-Cu-Ni) Intended for indoor use. It has proven to be very resilient when subjected to normal wear and tear. However it will corrode oudoors in prolonged exposure to salt water, salty air, or harsh chemicals.


Plating \ Coating

AppearanceIndoor
Use
Abrasion
(Wear)
HumidityWaterSalty Air (Near Ocean)Salt WaterThicknessPrice

Nickel (Ni-Cu-Ni)

A very durable multilayer combination of nickel, copper, nickel. The most common plating.
ExcellentGoodGoodBadBadBad10-20 MicronsLow

Zinc Plating (Zn)

2nd most common plating, Zinc is a standalone plating with only one layer. It is a self- sacrificing coating, meaning when the material corrodes the outside turns white creating a durable layer of protection.
ExcellentExcellentExcellentGoodGoodBad8-10 MicronsLow

Epoxy (Ni-Cu-Be)

Epoxy plating is multilayered in Nickel, Copper, Epoxy. Great for outdoor applications. However it is not very abrasion resistant and prone to scratching.
SuperiorBadSuperiorSuperiorExcellentExcellent15-25 MicronsMedium

Gold (Ni-Cu-Au)

Well known for its corrosion resistance. Layered in Nickel, Copper & Gold on top. Works very well in water applications.
The gold layer is very thin and adds only a few cents per magnet.
SuperiorGoodSuperiorSuperiorSuperiorSuperior10-20 MicronsHigh

Plastic

Plastic is the most corrosion resistant. However its is thicker than other platings. A mold is required to create the plastic shell.
SuperiorSuperiorSuperiorSuperiorSuperiorSuperior250-500 Microns
Medium

Phosphate

Phosphate is a temporary coating that will last only a few months. It is normally used when the magnet is going to be over-molded or encased in a plastic part that will act as the final protective layer. 
Good
(Temp)
BadBadBadBadBad1-2
Microns
Low





If you have any questions about plating don't hesitate to call.Tel: 888-727-3327   9am - 5pm PST (Monday - Friday) or email: sales@amazingmagnets.com

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